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History of Chinese International Relations
— Resources — 

Treaties, Conventions, etc.

Bevans, Charles I., chief comp.  Treaties and Other Agreements of the United States of America, 1776–1949.
[Vols. 1–4 (Multilateral), and esp. Vol. 6; Washington, 1971]

Clyde, Paul Hibbert.  United States Policy Toward China; Diplomatic and Public Documents, 1839–1939.  [Durham, N.C., 1940]

Great Britain; Parliament.  British and Foreign State Papers.

Hertslet, Godfrey E.P.  Treaties, etc., between Great Britain and China, and between China and Foreign Powers.  [3rd ed., 2 Vols.; London, 1908]

Inspectorate General of Customs, China.  Treaties, Conventions, etc., between China and Foreign Powers.  [2nd ed., 2 Vols.; Shanghai, 1917]

MacMurray, John V., comp. & ed.  Treaties and Agreements with and Concerning China, 1894–1919.  [2 Vols.; New York, 1921]

Mayers, W.F.  Treaties between the Empire of China and Foreign States.
     [5th ed.; Shanghai, 1906]

Miller, Hunter D.  Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America
     [8 Vols.; Washington, 1931–1946]

Rockhill, W.W.  Treaties and Conventions with or Concerning China and Korea, 1894–1904.
     [Washington, 1904]

____________.  Treaties, Conventions, Agreements, Ordinances, etc., Relating to China and Korea (Oct., 1904–Jan., 1908).  [Washington, 1908]

Treaties and Agreements with and Concerning China, 1919–1929.
     [Washington, Carnegie Endowment, 1929]

U.S. Dept. of State.  Treaty Series.

Documentation Concerning Negotiations, Correspondence, etc.

Davids, Jules, ed.  American Diplomatic and Public Papers: The United States and China, 1861–1893.  [Wilmington, Delaware, Scholarly Resources Inc., 1979]

Fu, Lo-shu.  A Documentary Chronicle of Sino-Western Relations: 1644–1820.
     [2 Vols.; Tuscon, U of Arizona, 1966]

Great Britain; Parliament.  Parliamentary Papers.  [including “Blue Books” devoted to specific issues: “Opium Wars,” etc.]

MacNair, Harley Farnsworth.  Modern Chinese History: Selected Readings.
     [2 Vols.; Shanghai, 1927]

McNelly, Theodore, ed.  Sources in Modern East Asian History and Politics.
     [New York, Apple-Century-Crofts, 1967]

Swisher, Earl B.  China’s Management of the American Barbarians: A Study of Sino-American Relations, 1841–1861, with Documents.  [New Haven, Yale UP, 1953]

Teng, Ssu-yü & Fairbank, John K.  China’s Response to the West: A Documentary Survey, 1839–1923.  [Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1979]

U.S. Dept. of State.  Foreign Relations of the United States.  [Annual Volumes; from 1942, individual volumes relating to China; Washington]

_______________.  United States Relations with China, With Special Reference to the Period 1944–1949.  [Washington, 1949]
     [Republished as The China White Paper, by Stanford UP]


Biographies, Personal Accounts, Diaries, etc.

Anderson, Aeneas. A Narrative of the British Embassy to China in the Years 1792, 1793, and 1794.  [New York & London, 1795]

Barrow, J. Travels in China.  [London, 1804]

Braam Houckgeest, André Evarard.  An Authentic Account of the Embassy of the Dutch East-India Company to the Court of the Emperor of China in the Years 1794 and 1795...etc.  [London, R. Phillips, 1798]

Davies, John Paton, Jr.  Dragon by the Tail: American, British, Japanese, and Russian Encounters with China and One Another.
     [New York, Norton, 1972]

Denby, Hon. Charles. China and Her People.  [New York, 1906. 2 vols.]

Hummel, Arthur W., ed. Eminent Chinese of the Ch’ing Period.
[2 Vols.; Washington, USGPO, 1942]

Leonard, Jane Kate.  Wei Yuan and China’s Rediscovery of the Maritime World.
[Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1984]

Macartney, George Lord.  An Embassy to China: Being the Journal Kept by Lord Macartney During His Embassy to the Emperor Ch’ien-lung.  ed. and with intro. and notes by J.L. Cranmer-Byng.  [Hamden, Conn., Archon Books, 1963]

Martin, W.A.P.  A Cycle of Cathay.  [New York, Revell, 1900]

Michie, Alexander.  The Englishman in China During the Victorian Era, as Illustrated in the Career of Sir Rutherford Alcock.  [2 Vols.; London, 1900]

Moges, Marquis de.  Recollections of Baron Gros’s Embassy to China and Japan in 1857–1858.  [in translation; London, 1860]

Oliphant, Laurence.  Narrative of the Earl of Elgin’s Mission to China and Japan in the Years 1857, ‘58, ‘59.  [London, 1859; & reps.]

Panikkar, K.M. In Two Chinas.  [London, Allen and Unwin, 1956]

Pimentel, Francisco, S.J.  “Brief account of the journey made to the Court of Peking by Lord Manoel de Saldanha, Ambassador Extraordinary of the King of Portugal to the Emperor of China and Tartary (1667–1670),” translated by John E. Wills, Jr., and incl. as an Appendix in his Embassies and Illusions.
[Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1984]

Reinsch, Paul S.  An American Diplomat in China.
[Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page, 1922]

Rennie, D.F.  Peking and the Pekingese During the First Year of the British Embassy at Peking, 1861–62.  [2 Vols.; London, 1865]

Robbins (née Macartney), Helen H.  Our First Ambassador to China
[London, John Murray, 1908]

Rockhill, W.W.  Diplomatic Audiences at the Court of Peking.
[London, Luzac & Co., 1905]

_____________. “Diplomatic Missions to the Court of China,” in American Historical Review  [Vol. 2]

Sebes, Joseph, S.J.  The Jesuits and the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689): The Diary of Thomas Pereira, S.J.  [Rome, Institutum Historicum S.I., 1961]

Service, John S.  Lost Chance in China: The World War II Despatches of John S. Service.  [ed. by Joseph W. Esherick; New York, Random House, 1974]

Spence, Jonathan D.  Emperor of China: Self-Portrait of K’ang-hsi.
[Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1977]

Staunton, George Leonard.  An Authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the emperor of China.  [3 Vols.; London, 1797]

Stevenson, J.L., ed.  A Journey from St. Petersburg to Pekin, 1719–22.  [edited version of John Bell’s Travels from St. Petersburg in Russia to Various Parts of Asia; 1788; Edinburgh UP, 1965]

Stuart, John Leighton.  Fifty Years in China: The Memoirs of John Leighton Stuart, Missionary and Ambassador.  [New York, Random House, 1954]

Waley, Arthur, tr.  The Opium War through Chinese Eyes.  [London, 1958]

Secondary Works

Anderson, L. David.  Imperialism and Idealism; American Diplomats in China, 1861–1898.

Banno, Masataka.  China and the West, 1858–1861: The Origins of the Tsungli Yamen.
[Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1964]

Biggerstaff, Knight D.  [Numerous articles in 1930s-40s]

Boxer, C.R.  Fidalgoes in the Far East, 1550–1770.  [The Hague, Nijhoff, 1948; rep. 1968]

Cady, John F.  The Roots of French Imperialism in Eastern Asia.  [Cornell UP, 1954]

Cameron, Meribeth E.; Mahoney, Thomas H.D.; & McReynolds, George E. China, Japan and the Powers.  [New York, Ronald Press, 1952]

Cammann, Schuyler.  Trade through the Himalayas: The Early British Attempts to Open Tibet
[Princeton UP, 1951]

Conroy, Hilary.  The Japanese Seizure of Korea, 1868–1910.
[Philadelphia, U of Pennsylvania, 1960]

Costin, W.C.  Great Britain and China, 1833–1860.  [Oxford UP, 1937]

Cranmer-Byng, J.L.  “Lord Macartney’s embassy to Peking in 1793,” in Journal of Oriental Studies, 4:1/2 (1957-58, pp. 117-87. [U of Hong Kong]

________________, & Wills, John E., Jr.  “Trade and diplomacy with maritime Europe, 1644–c. 1800,” in Cambridge History of China, Vol. 9.
     [Cambridge UP, 198 ]

Dean, Britten.  China and Great Britain: The Diplomacy of Commercial Relations, 1860–1864.
     [Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1974]

Dennett, Tyler.  Americans in East Asia; A Critical Study of United States Policy in the Nineteenth Century.  [New York, 1941]

Dulles, Foster Rhea.  China and America; The Story of their Relations Since 1784.

Duyvendak, J.J.L. “The Last Dutch Embassy to the Chinese Court (1794–1795),” in T’oung Pao, No. 34

_______________. “Supplementary Documents on the Last Dutch Embassy to the Chinese Court,” in T’oung Pao, No. 35

Eastman, Lloyd E. Throne and Mandarins: China’s Search for a Policy during the Sino-French Controversy, 1880–1885.  [Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1967]

Fairbank, John K.  Trade and Diplomacy on the China Coast: The Opening of the Treaty Ports, 1842–1854.  [2 Vols. (also avail. in single vol. version);
     Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1953]

_______________, ed.  The Chinese World Order: Traditional China’s Foreign Relations.

[Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1968]

Fairbank, John K.  “On the Ch’ing tribute system,” in Fairbank, John K.; & Teng, Ssu-yü, Ch’ing Administration: Three Studies.  [Cambridge, Mass., Harvard-Yenching Inst., 1960]

Fu, Lo-shu.  “The two Portuguese embassies to China during the K’ang-hsi period,” in T’oung Pao, 43:75-94 (1955)

Greenberg, Michael.  British Trade and the Opening of China, 1800–1842.
[Cambridge UP, 1951]

Hsü, Immanuel C.Y.  China’s Entrance into the Family of Nations: The Diplomatic Phase, 1858–1880.  [Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1960]

Hu, Sheng.  Imperialism and Chinese Politics.
[Beijing, Foreign Languages Press, 1985]

Kajima Morinosuke.  The Diplomacy of Japan, 1894–1922.
[Tokyo, Kajima Institute of Int. Peace, 1976]

Keeton, George W.  The Development of Extraterritoriality in China.
[2 Vols.; New York, Howard Fertig, 1969 (rep.)]

Kiernan, E.V.G.  British Diplomacy in China, 1880–1885.  [London, 1939]

Mancall, Mark.  Russia and China: Their Diplomatic Relations to 1728.
[Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1971]

Morse, Hosea Ballou.  The International Relations of the Chinese Empire.
[3 Vols.; London, 1910–1918; & reps.]

_________________, & MacNair, Harley F.  Far Eastern International Relations.
[Shanghai, 1927]

Pelcovits, Nathan A.  Old China Hands and the Foreign Office.  [New York, 1948]

Pritchard, E.H.  The Crucial Years of Early Anglo-Chinese Relations, 1750–1800.
[Washington, 1936]

____________.  [Various articles; 1930s & ‘40s]

Quested, R.K.I.  Sino-Russian Relations: A Short History.
[Sydney, George Allen & Unwin, 1984]

Reardon-Anderson, James. Yenan and the Great Powers: The Origins of Chinese Communist Foreign Policy, 1944–1946.  [New York, Columbia UP, 1980]

Schaller, Michael.  The U.S. Crusade in China, 1938–1945.  [New York, Columbia UP, 1979]

Shen, Wei-tai.  China’s Foreign Policy, 1839–1860.  [New York, 1932]

Tang, Tsou.  America’s Failure in China, 1941–1950.  [2 Vols.; U of Chicago P, 1963]

Thomson, James C., Jr.  While China Faced West: American Reformers in Nationalist China, 1928–1937.  [Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1969]

Tsiang, T.F.  [various articles; 1930s & ‘40s]]

Viraphol, Sarasin.  Tribute and Profit: Sino-Siamese Trade, 1652–1853.
[Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1977]

Whiting, Allen S.  Soviet Policies in China, 1917–1924.  [Stanford UP, 1953]

Willoughby, Westel W.  Foreign Rights and Interests in China.

[2 Vols.; rep. Taipei, Cheng-wen, 1966]

Wills, John E., Jr.  Embassies and Illusions: Dutch and Portuguese Envoys to K’ang-hsi,1666–1687.  [Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1984]

_______________.  Pepper, Guns, & Parleys: The Dutch East Asia Company and China, 1662–1681.  [Cambridge, Mass., Harvard UP, 1974]

Wong, Owen Hong-hin.  The First Chinese Minister to Great Britain.
[Hong Kong, Chung Hwa, 1987]